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Oceanic plateaus are areas of elevated and anomalously thick oceanic crust that are believed to form by enhanced partial melting in a mantle plume that is hotter than ambient upper asthenosphere. They are regarded as the oceanic equivalent of continental flood-basalt provinces. Because of the continual subduction of oceanic crust, the oldest known oceanic plateaus occurring in situ are Cretaceous in age. In order for oceanic plateaus to be preserved in the geologic record, they must be accreted onto continental margins. This process, involving their preservation as tectonic slices, depends on the fact that oceanic plateaus are more buoyant...

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