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Lower Cambrian–Lower Ordovician passive-margin sediments were deposited across northeastern Washington, northern Idaho, and western Montana. Lower Cambrian strata record the initial transgression onto Laurentia in northeastern Washington. Middle Cambrian–Lower Ordovician units were deposited across a much broader area and record the establishment of a western ooid-algal shoal complex that restricted water circulation in an intrashelf basin that formed between the shoal and craton. Long-standing topographic highs in the region include Montania, which may have controlled the location of the ooid-algal shoal complex, and the Lemhi arch, which served as a western source area for siliciclastic sediment input. The Sauk...

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